The Arc de Triomphe of Paris, a majestic human heritage.
Introduction to Paris landmarks, France, The Arc de Triomphe of Paris.
The Arc de Triomphe of Paris, or the Arc de Triomphe of the Lions (French: l’Arc de triomphe de l’Étoile), is located in the center of the Charles de Gaulle Square in Paris, France, at the western end of the Champs Elysées.
As its name suggests, the Arc de Triomphe is a gateway to the triumph of the army that is going out for war. It is the largest round arch in the world today, located on the roundabout in the center of the Charles de Gaulle in the center of Paris. This square was also built in line with the Arc de Triomphe of the Lions. After the completion of the Arc de Triomphe, it caused inconvenience to traffic. So in the middle of the 19th century, a circular square and 12 roads were built around the Arc de Triomphe. It is 40 to 80 meters wide and radial, like the brilliant light emitted by stars, so this square is also called Star Square. The Arc de Triomphe is also called the “Star Gate”. The Arc de Triomphe is located at the end of the famous Champs Elysées.
The history and culture of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
To commemorate the victory of the Russian-Austrian army in 1805, Napoleon ordered the construction of “a great sculpture” in 1806 to welcome the triumphant French soldiers in the future. On August 15th of the same year, construction began in accordance with the design of the famous architect Jean Chagren, but after Napoleon was overthrown, the Arc de Triomphe project was stopped halfway through. After the overthrow of the Bourbon dynasty in 1830, the project was able to continue. After 30 years of intermittent, the Arc de Triomphe was finally inaugurated on July 29, 1836.
The Arc de Triomphe opened on August 15, 1806, and was completed on July 29, 1836. The Arc de Triomphe is 49.54 meters high, 44.82 meters wide and 22.21 meters thick. The central arch is 36.6 meters high and 14.6 meters wide. On the walls of the two piers of the Arc de Triomphe, there are four groups of large relief sculptures with the theme of war: “Expedition”, “Victory”, “Peace” and “Resistance”; some of the sculptures are as high as five or six meters. There are doors on all sides of the Arc de Triomphe. Inside the doors are engraved the names of 386 generals who followed Napoleon’s expedition and 96 victories. The doors are inscribed with the history of French wars from 1792 to 1815. The 12 avenues in the urban area of Paris are centered on the Arc de Triomphe, radiating to the surroundings, majestic and magnificent, and are a model of European design.
Expedition: The sculpture of the Statue of Liberty with wings spread out on the right doorpost followed by the vigorous warrior is
“Volunteers set off for an expedition”, that is, the famous “Marseillaise”.
Victory: Napoleon returned triumphantly, showing the jubilant scene of celebrating the victory ceremony after Napoleon returned. Both of these immortal
masterpieces occupy an important place in the history of world art.
Peace and Resistance: On the lintel facing the Boulevard of the Armed Forces is a large relief sculpture of “Republic” (also known as “Resistance Movement”) and
“Song of Peace” sculptured by Antoine Idex.
On top of these giant reliefs, there are a total of six flat reliefs, which tell about important historical events in France during Napoleon’s time:
The architectural style of the Arc de Triomphe.
The Arc de Triomphe in Paris is a representative building of the Empire style. The rise of this style is inseparable from Napoleon’s advocacy. Its prosperity and decline have always been closely linked with Napoleon’s destiny. These buildings are inspired and modeled by the majestic and solemn buildings of the Roman Empire. They are huge in scale and simple in appearance, pursuing the majesty, calmness and dignity of the image. The Arc de Triomphe in Paris takes the ancient Roman Arc de Triomphe as an example, but its scale is larger and its structure is simpler. Except for the eaves, wall body and wall foundation, the entire building does not have any major divisions, no pillars, even buttresses, and no moldings. The Arc de Triomphe discards the multiple arches of the Roman Arc de Triomphe, and only has one arch, which is simple and solemn.
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